Alabama

In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.

 

PROMISING PRACTICES

  • Requires each local board of education to have a comprehensive school safety plan for each school.
  • Plan requires involvement of community law enforcement and safety officials including fire and emergency management in development of school safety plans.
  • Plan requires protocols for notifying law enforcement, emergency response personnel, and parents of affected students.
  • Requires local boards to grant access to law enforcement and fire personnel to train to respond to threats and emergencies.
  • Requires plans to be updated whenever a major modification is made to the school and annually for the “code red” portion of the plan.
  • Requires annual training for school employees on “code red” plans, drills for students during the first six weeks of each semester, and annual review of the plans.
  • Allows for local boards of education to employ individuals as school security personnel or contract with local law enforcement to have them do so.

State Of Alabama

The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

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