In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Requires each district to have a model school crisis response plan for use by each school and requires each school to develop a plan that includes a Crisis Response Team consisting of the principal, one certified and one classified member of the school staff, and one parent whose child attends the school. Also recommends including governing or advisory school board member, school counselor, local law enforcement, and one student in grade 10 or higher if the school has those grades.
  • Requires disaster and emergency procedures for natural and manmade disasters; harm of students; entrance, exit, and lock down; and, other potential crises.
  • Requires annual consultation with local social services agencies and law enforcement authorities when developing the plan.
  • Requires the plan to be printed and available to the public, updated annually, and trained on annually.
  • Requires each school to be designated as safe, at-risk, or persistently dangerous annually, identifies, the procedures for calculating the school safety status, and the requirements for districts that have at least one school that has been designated “at-risk.”
  • Requires schools that are deemed “persistently dangerous” to notify all parents within 10 days and provides those parents 30 days to request that the district transfer the student to the parent’s choice of a safe school within the district.

State Of Alaska

The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

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