North Carolina

In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.

 

PROMISING PRACTICES

  • Requires each school to conduct a school-wide tabletop exercise and drill based on its School Risk Management Plan, that includes a school lockdown, at least once annually.
  • Encourages each local school administrative unit to develop and operate an anonymous tip line to collect information on risks to the school population and/or school buildings.
  • Requires the Department of Public Safety, Division of Emergency Management, and Center for Safer Schools to provide guidance and recommendations to local schools on the types of hazards to plan for and respond to.
  • Requires the Department of Public Safety, Division of Emergency Management, and Center for Safer Schools to construct and maintain a statewide School Risk and Response Management System that supports risk planning, exercises, monitoring and emergency response.
  • Requires the Department of Public Safety, Division of Emergency Management, and Center for Safer Schools to implement and maintain a statewide panic alarm system for schools.
  • Requires each local school administrative unit to provide law enforcement with schematic diagrams, keys to the main entrance or emergency access to key storage devices.

State Of North Carolina

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