In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Requires the development of comprehensive school safety plans for all schools that includes disaster procedures and earthquake emergency procedures, a drop procedure.
  • Requires consultation with law enforcement.
  • Requires annual review of all safety-related plans and requires that they are sent to the school district or county office for approval as well as readily-available for inspection by the public.
  • Requires that a public meeting be held before the plan is enacted to allow the public the opportunity to express opinions about the plan.
  • Requires locks from the inside for all new construction for rooms with an occupancy of five or more persons.

State Of California