In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Creates the School Security Disbursement Program under the School Safety Resource Center Cash Fund within the Department of Public Safety to provide funding for capital construction, staff training, or installation of hardware or software that improves public school security, including: alarm systems, cameras and monitoring software, and assessments.
  • Creates the School Access for Emergency Response (SAFER) grant program within the Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Management to provide schools and public safety communications system owners funding for interoperable communication hardware, software, and equipment maintenance and training to allow for communication between school systems and first responder systems.
  • Requires school districts to have a school safety, readiness, and incident management plan that adopts NMS and ICS and—to the extent possible—coordinates with statewide or local emergency operation plans.
  • Requires schools to conduct a written evaluation following coordinated exercises of the safety plan and certain incidents to identify and address lessons learned and take corrective actions in updating response plans.
  • Requires schools to adopt written procedures for communicating with local law enforcement, community emergency services, parents, students, and the media in the event of critical incidents
  • Requires key emergency school personnel to be trained in emergency management and school district employee safety and incident management training.
  • Requires annual school building inspections.
  • Establishes the Public School Capital Construction Assistance Fund, in the State Treasury, to provide competitive grants to school districts for construction and renovations including school safety and security options.  

State Of Colorado