In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Requires each local or regional board of education to continually study the need for school facilities, adopt air quality programs for its facilities, and the overall safety of schools.  
  • Allows local and regional boards of education to establish a school district safety committee to increase awareness of issues and review the adequacy of emergency response procedures.
  • Requires and all-hazards approach to emergencies that includes the involvement of the chief executive officer of the municipality, the superintendent of schools, law enforcement, fire, public health, emergency management, and emergency medical services.
  • Requires understanding of NIMS and the creation of a command center structure.
  • Requires that a school security and safety committee be established at each school.
  • Requires that local law enforcement and public safety officials evaluate, score, and provide feedback on drills.
  • Requires that the board of education conduct a security and vulnerability assessment for each school every two years and develop a school security and safety plan for each school based on its individual assessment.
  • Requires that every employee be provided their school security and safety plan and be provided violence prevention training.
  • Requires each school to have a fire drill within the first 30 days of the school year and at least once each month after.
  • Requires at least one drill every three months to be replaced with a crisis response drill that is conducted in consultation with the appropriate local law enforcement agency.

State Of Connecticut