In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Requires all new school construction and major renovation projects to include: a secured vestibule with an intercom or video call box that can be electronically operated by school staff to serve as the primary entrance for visitors; ballistic resistant materials in all vestibule, lobby, and office areas used to screen visitors; classroom doors that can be locked from the outside or that comply with relevant codes if they lock from both sides; and, installation of a panic button or intruder alert system that can be activated from the school office and a handheld devic
  • Requires the Comprehensive School Safety Program and Department of Education to provide emerging best practices and alarm capabilities to school districts and the Office of Management and Budget Division of Facilities Management annually
  • Adds the requirement to coordinate a review of construction plans with the Department of Safety and Homeland Security to evaluate CPTED principles and verify compliance with other relevant school construction and renovation provisions
  • Establishes the Delaware School Safety and Security Fund within the Department of Education, to provide partial or full funding to improve school safety or security, including the purchase of camera and monitoring equipment, vestibule improvements, door and/or window locks, active shooter training, security lighting, security systems, and other hardware updates.
  • The Delaware Comprehensive School Safety Model includes National Information Management System (NIMS) information and education; best practices responses to a number of potential emergency events; and addresses things such as: accident at school, aircraft crash, air pollution alert, allergic reaction animal disturbance, biological agent, bomb threat, bus accident, chemical accident, civil disturbance, criminal act, death of a student/staff, earthquake explosion, fire, hostage situation, intruder, irrational behavior/medical emergency, missing/kidnapped student, national terrorism advisory system, pandemic influenza, public demonstration, sexual assault, storm/severe weather, student riot, suicide attempt, suspicious package, threats/assaults, and weapons.
  • All school safety plans are stored online on the state’s Emergency Response Information Portal, which allows first responders to access them too.
  • Requires the creation of a school safety team and collaboration with the Delaware Department of Safety and Homeland Security and relevant first responders.
  • Requires critical incident and tabletop exercises at least once per year and at least two lockdown drills per school year.
  • Requires plan to be reviewed annually and for all revisions to be submitted to the Department of Safety and Homeland Security for certification.
  • Requires development and maintenance of site-specific, NIMS-compliant all-hazard safety and emergency preparedness plans.

State Of Delaware