In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Requires each public school to have emergency and crisis response plans, protocols, and procedures that are reviewed at a meeting held at least annually. At least 30 days before the meeting notice must be given to the principal, representatives from education-related organizations or associations deemed appropriate by the school district, and representatives from all local first responder organizations (including law enforcement, fire, emergency medical services).
  • Requires schools to have school evacuation, bus evacuation, law enforcement, and severe weather/shelter-in-place drills which prepare students for all potential hazards.
  • Requires schools to conduct no less than three school evacuation drills: one of which includes the fire department, one of which includes law enforcement addressing a school shooting incident, and one sever weather/shelter-in-place drill. Schools must also conduct at least one bus evacuation drill each academic year.
  • Requires the State Board of Education and the State Fire Marshal to coordinate with all appropriate education, first responder, and emergency management officials to develop clear and definitely guidelines regarding how to develop school emergency and crisis response plans, how to drill based on those plans, and how to incorporate lessons learned from those drills into enhanced plans.
  • Requires each school district to review each school’s emergency and crisis response plans at least annually.

State Of Illinois