In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Requires each school district to designate a school safety specialist that participates in training, develops and coordinates safety plans for each school in the district, and acts as a resource for other individuals in the district regarding school safety.
  • Requires each school to develop a plan and policy that addresses all hazards.
  • Requires that floor plans for each building located on a school’s property—that clearly indicates exists, interior rooms and hallways, and location(s) of any hazardous material—be shared with the local law enforcement and fire department agencies.
  • Establishes the Indiana Secured School Fund to provide matching grants for schools to conduct threat assessments, purchase equipment and technology, or employ school resource officers. Also establishes the Secured School Safety Board to oversee applications for, and award, grant funding.
  • Requires the state department of homeland security (DHS) to establish minimum standards and approve best practices no later than July 1, 2017, for a school emergency response system.
  • Requires the DHS to establish emergency response system guidelines with input from the division of school building safety.
  • Establishes the Division of School Building Physical Security and Safety, within the Department of Education, to be develop and maintain guidelines related to the architecture and engineering to integrate security improvements and safety practices, carry out the Department’s responsibilities related to training and certifying school safety specialists, coordinating response and recovery assistance to a school experiencing a crisis, and providing other information and guidance related to school safety and security.
  • Requires schools to conduct one tornado preparedness drill and one manmade occurrence drill every school year.
  • Allows for schools to barricade or block doors for no longer than three (3) minutes in the event of an unplanned fire alarm in order for a designated school official to investigate the nature of the alarm and determine if there is a fire or if it is a false alarm or active shooter

State Of Indiana