In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Establishes the School Facilities Construction Commission to help local school districts meet school construction needs.
  • Requires every school to have an emergency plan that includes process to be followed in case of fire, severe weather, earthquake, or building lockdown and is reviewed following the end of each school year.
  • Requires a diagram of the school to be provided to appropriate first responders.  
  • Requires the establishment of primary and secondary evacuation routes, that is posted on the door, for all rooms in the school.
  • Requires identification of severe weather safe zones for each school.
  • Requires that at least one severe weather drill, one earthquake drill, and one lockdown drill occur within the first 30 instructional days of each school year and again in January.
  • Requires each school to have lockdown procedures and protective measures to be taken during and following the lockdown.
  • Requires lockdown exercises to be held at least twice each school year, one during the first 30 instructional days of the school year and one in January.

State Of Kentucky