In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Requires each school to have a comprehensive all-hazards emergency management plan that is developed in consultation with school teachers and staff and local public safety officials, fire, emergency management, and mental health.
  • Requires each school board to have a school bomb threat policy.
  • Requires each school to develop a Crisis Response Plan that designates one individual as the on-site point of contact during an emergency.
  • Requires schools to conduct lockdown and emergency evacuation drills. Results must be recorded.
  • K-12 schools must hold two drills during the first two weeks of school. K-4 must hold an additional eight drills, grades 5-8 must hold an additional six drills, and grades 9-12 must hold an additional four drills.

State Of Maine