In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Establishes the Maryland Center for School Safety and requires it to establish a Safe School Information and Best Practices Clearinghouse of up-to-date, research-based, and data-driven information on effective strategies for creating and maintaining safe schools.
  • Requires each school to develop an all-hazards emergency plan in consultation with health and safety officials in the community.
  • Requires each school system to develop and implement a schedule of drills related to its emergency plan. The drills must include evacuation; shelter in place; reverse evacuation; lock down; drop, cover, and hold; and severe weather.
  • Requires each superintendent to certify annually that the requirements of the legislation are being met and send a copy of the school system’s central administration emergency plan to the State Superintendent of Schools if it was updated.

State Of Maryland