In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Establishes the School Building Assistance Program to provide general policy and review standards regarding school building construction, renovation, maintenance and facility space. 
  • Section 14 allows for grant funds to be used for purposes including upgrades and technological devices necessary for enhanced safety and security.
  • Section 20 requires school boards to submit plans or blueprints with approved construction, renovation, or reconstruction of school buildings to the local police and fire departments.
  • Requires every local chief of police, in consultation with the local superintendent—and subject to appropriation—to assign at least one school resource officer to the district. The assignment must be based on qualifications and reviewed annually by the chief and the superintendent.
  • Requires every school, subject to appropriation, to have a two-way communication device to be used solely for communicating with local first responders during an emergency situation.

State Of Massachusetts