In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Requires a minimum of five fire drills each school year for all K-12 schools, three of which must be held by December 1; a minimum of two tornado safety drills; and a minimum of three lockdown drills, at least one of which must be held by December 1, and at least one more by January 1.
  • Requires the school to seek input from local public safety officials on the nature of the drills.
  • Prohibits certain materials from being used in the construction of schools and requires all walls, floors, partitions, and roofs to be constructed of fire-resisting materials.
  • Requires at least two stairways and the distance from the door of any room to an exit to be 100 feet or less.
  • Requires the Director of the Department of Labor and Economic Growth to establish standards and requirements for the relocation and reuse of used modular classrooms.

State Of Michigan