In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Requires each school to have a disaster plan and to hold emergency exercises at least twice each school year specific to earthquakes.
  • Requires each school district to have an emergency preparedness plan to address the use of school resources in cases of natural disaster or other community emergency.
  • Requires each school district to have a designated safety coordinator that has a thorough knowledge of all federal, state, and local violence prevention programs and resources.
  • Requires each school district to fully utilize all programs and resources that are determined to be necessary and cost-effective for school safety.
  • Provides for school districts to designate teachers or administrators as school protection officers and authorizes them to concealed carry.
  • Requires anyone designated as such to complete school protection officer training and have a concealed carry permit.
  • Requires any school district that intends on designating a school protection officer to hold a public hearing on the designation of that individual.
  • Requires the state POST to establish minimum standards, hours, and curriculum for school protection officer training. The training must include handling of emergency or violent crisis situations in school settings.

State Of Missouri