In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Established the position of State School Security Director within the Department of Education.
  • Requires the director to collect safety and security plans, recommend minimum standards for school security, assess the security of each public school building by August 31, 2019, identify deficiencies in school security based on minimum standards and make recommendations for remedying such deficiencies, establish tools and training programs for public school staff, and establish research-based instructional programs that address causes for violent attacks on schools.
  • Requires that every school conduct at least two tornado drills per year and that the Director ensure the drills are conducted.
  • Allowed the State Board of Education to adopt and promulgate rules and regulations establishing minimum school security standards before July 1, 2016.

State Of Nebraska