In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Requires the creation of a district development committee to develop a plan to be used by all public schools in the district in responding to a crisis or emergency. The committee must include: one member of the board of trustees or governing body of the district, one administrator of a school in the district, one teacher, one school employee other than a teacher or administrator, one parent or legal guardian, one local law enforcement agency representative, one school police officer, and one emergency management representative. The committee must also consult with local social services and public safety agencies and the director of emergency management.  
  • Requires the plan to take an all-hazards approach and include accounting for and assisting everyone in the school, includes communication and contact with relevant authorities, providing specific information about the incident, and recovery.
  • Requires the plan to be reviewed at least annually and to provide the updated plan to the school district and requires employees to be trained annually.
  • Requires a diagram of the approved escape route(s) to be posted in every classroom and monthly drills at each school, overseen by the fire department.

State Of Nevada