New York

In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Requires every school district to have a comprehensive district-wide safety plan and individual building-level emergency response plan regarding crisis intervention and emergency response and management that are developed by the commissioner in consultation with the Division of Criminal Justice Services, the superintendent of State Police, and any other appropriate State agencies.
  • Requires both the district-wide and building-level plans to take an all-hazards approach that includes—at a minimum—policies and procedures for responding to implied and direct threats, acts of violence, prevention and intervention strategies, contacting local law enforcement officials, policies and procedures for contacting parents and guardians, policies and procedures for school building security including what devices will be used and how, the designation of a chief emergency officer, strategies for improving communication, descriptions of duties of school safety personnel, designation of district chief emergency officers, and other policies and procedures.
  • Requires each district school safety team to be appointed by the board of education and each individual school safety team to be appointed by the principal.
  • Requires all plans to be reviewed annually.
  • Requires each board of education to make the district-wide safety plan available for public comment.
  • Requires annual multi-hazard school safety training for staff within 30 days of hire or as part of the new hire training program, and training for students.
  • Requires drills and other exercises to test the plan in coordination with local and county emergency responders and preparedness officials.
  • Requires plans to establish chain of command consistent with NIMS and ICS.  
  • Requires each school to provide written information to all students and staff, by October 1st of each school year, regarding emergency procedures.

State Of New York

The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.