In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Requires the emergency operations plan to address all-hazards and include a hazard identification and risk analysis process, be compliant with NIMS, address the access and functional needs of all school attendees, and be organized around five areas (prevention, protection, mitigation, response, and recovery).
  • Requires the plan to be updated at least every three years.
  • Requires each school to develop and adopt a comprehensive emergency management plan that examines the environmental conditions and operations of each building to determine potential hazards and other problems/circumstances, addresses serious threats to safety of property and persons, protocols for responding to any emergencies, and involves law enforcement and safety officials, parents, and teachers and staff.
  • Requires floor plans to be unique to each floor of the building and site plans that include all building and surrounding property that must be submitted to the department of education at least once every three years or whenever a major modification is made, and to local law enforcement. The plan must then be submitted to the attorney general and director of public safety.
  • Requires school administrator to inform each student or parent about the procedures included in the protocol.
  • Requires that no later than July 1 of each year each administrator must review the plan and certify that it is current and accurate.
  • Requires the conduct of at least one annual emergency management test.
  • Requires each school to be made available to local law enforcement and emergency management personnel for the purposes of training to respond to emergency events.
  • Requires the Ohio Facilities Construction Commission to consider safety when reviewing design plans and allows for them to amend any construction of school buildings.
  • Requires the fire marshal or their designee to inspect each school annually.
  • Requires the principal of each school to conduct school safety drills at least three times during the school year, one of which must include a scenario where students must be secured in their buildings rather than evacuated. Each drill must be conducted in conjunction with law enforcement.
  • Requires the principal to conduct a theoretical school safety drill during the school year to provide all faculty and staff with instruction in the procedures to follow during such emergencies.

State Of Ohio