In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Requires each school to have plans and procedures for protecting all persons from natural and manmade disasters and emergencies, that are updated annually and provided to each local emergency response organization within the school’s jurisdiction no later than November 1 of each year.
  • Requires each school to conduct a minimum of four security drills each year. Two must be security drills each semester, one of which must be conducted within the first 15 days.
  • Requires each school to conduct six safety drills: two fire drills (each of which must be conducted within the first 15 days of each semester); two tornado drills (one in September and one in March); and, two at the discretion of the principal and superintendent.
  • Requires each public school district to document each fire drill in writing and preserve the records for at least three years. Also requires the school district to document all safety drills in writing and submit a copy to the district administrative office and the Oklahoma School Security Institute.
  • Provides the board of education of a school district, through a majority vote, to designate school personnel who have been issued a handgun license to attend training to be authorized to carry a firearm at school. The board may pay all costs associated with the training.
  • Requires each school to establish a Safe School Committee composed of at least seven members including teachers, parents, students, and a school official to make recommendations regarding unsafe conditions and other issues which prohibit the maintenance of a safe school.
  • Contingent on funding from the U.S. Department of Homeland Security or the Oklahoma Office of Homeland Security, grant funds shall be made available to schools to encourage greater emergency preparedness.
  • Requires the Oklahoma Office of Homeland Security to solicit and make grants for the enhancement of security at schools throughout the state, under the Oklahoma School Security Grant Program Act.
  • Created the Oklahoma School Security Revolving Fund in the State Treasury to facilitate the grant programs.
  • Requires the Oklahoma Office of Homeland Security to create a division in the office known as the Oklahoma School Security Institute, to act as the central repository for resources to enhance school security and assess risks, maximize school security training and support, assist and coordinate the development and implementation of safety drills, and implement new strategies and provide recommendations on school security issues.

State Of Oklahoma