In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Requires school districts with an enrollment of 30,000 or more student that have a school district peace officer or an SRO to have a policy requiring the officer to complete an education and training program.
  • Requires each school district to have a multi-hazard emergency operations plan that addresses mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery; requires employee training in responding to emergencies; and, to ensure coordination with local emergency management agencies. The plan must also provide for employee training in responding to an emergency, measures to coordinate with relevant partners, and the implementation of a safety and security audit.
  • Requires every school district to conduct a safety and security audit of all facilities at least once every three years, using the procedures developed by the Texas School Safety Center, and report the results to the district’s board of trustees.  
  • Requires each district to establish a school safety and security committee to develop and implement emergency plans, provide the district with support required in connection with the safety and security audit, and review each report required to be submitted by the district to the Texas School Safety Center.
  • Establishes the Texas School Safety Center to serve as a clearinghouse for school safety and security information, training, and technical assistance; a registry of people that provide school safety and security consulting services in the state; and, a resource for the prevention of youth violence.
  • Requires the Texas School Safety Center to conduct safety training programs for school districts that include safety courses for law enforcement officials and assistance in developing emergency operations plans, develop a model safety and security audit procedure, and provide on-site technical assistance.

State Of Texas