In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Requires each school district to implement a safe school plan that includes: required safety policies and procedures; emergency mitigation, preparedness, response, and recovery; provisions for assisting and communicating with all students and staff; using training guidance provided by the Emergency Management Division; the principal to be certified on ICS; and set guidelines for requesting local first responders to participate in safety-related drills.
  • Requires each school to conduct no less than one safety-related drill each month school is in session including drills for lockdowns, shelter-in-place, fire, and another safety-related drill. Each school must use its mapping information system in at least one of the drills
  • Requires school security personnel and local law enforcement to work together to develop an emergency response system that leverages technology to expedite response and arrival of first responders.
  • Requires the office of the superintendent of public instruction and the school safety advisory committee to hold an annual school safety summit that focus on establishing and monitoring the progress of a statewide plan for funding cost-effective methods for school safety that meet local needs.
  • Allocates $4 million from the general fund to the superintendent of public instruction for purposes including improving school safety through security assessments of school facilities; violence prevention and reporting training for staff as appropriate to the particular duties and responsibilities of the specific staff, including administrators; nonviolence and leadership training for staff and students; and school safety plans. 
  • Requires the state institute for public policy to complete an evaluation of how this state and other states have addressed the funding of school safety and security programs.
  • Authorizes an educational service district to implement a regional school safety and security program modeled after the educational service district that has developed a regional school safety and security center.

State Of Washington


The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.