West Virginia

In 2018, the Police Foundation staff conducted a comprehensive public domain scan of state legislation from all 50 states and the District of Columbia related to the following aspects of school safety and security:

  • facility security and assessment requirements;
  • creation, and identification of roles and responsibilities for state school safety centers and school safety teams/committees;
  • requirements for school administrators and faculty;
  • allocation of funds for improving school safety and security; and
  • all-hazards emergency planning and preparedness.

The Police Foundation also reviewed legislation and amendments passed by state legislatures and signed into law following the mass violence attacks at schools in Parkland, Florida, and Santa Fe, Texas. Seven states—Colorado, Delaware, Florida, Indiana, Iowa, Pennsylvania, and Rhode Island—officially codified new significant school safety and security laws that address at least one of the aspects mentioned above. The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.

The highlighted states on the map represent examples of states with comprehensive school safety legislation and promising practices.



  • Requires each school seeking funds for school access safety projects during a given fiscal year to submit a school access safety plan or annual plan that addresses the school access safety needs. The plan must include the means of ingress and egress to every school in the county, recommendations and guidelines developed by the Countywide Council on Productive and Safe Schools, recommendations for effective communication and coordination between schools and first responders, an assessment of crime committed on school campuses, a project repair and renovation schedule, a prioritized list of all projects and costs, and a description of how the plan addresses the goals.
  • Establishes the School Access Safety Fund and requires the allocation and disbursement of funds on or before May 1 each year.
  • Requires every school to have an up-to-date, comprehensive crisis response plan that is review annually. The plan must include the designation of an employee to be in charge during a crisis, a communication plan, protocols for responding after events have concluded, disaster and emergency procedures for all hazards, ingress and egress during lockdowns and evacuations, and policies and procedures for enforcing discipline and maintaining a safe and orderly environment. The plan must also be developed in consultation with local social services agencies, first response agencies, and emergency management representatives.
  • Requires each plan to be submitted to the Division of Homeland Security and Emergency Management.
  • Requires safety upgrades to the routes of ingress and egress to be part of a comprehensive analysis of overall school safety issues.

State Of West Virginia

The legislative review utilized open source research, and encompasses all legislation that was officially codified by September 11, 2018.